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Emoji & Emoticons

Updated 31 January 2017.

This is a list of resources I have curated on Emoji & Emoticons. Please feel free to use with credits back to this page. If you have a suggestion please do comment below.



The semiotics of emoji: The rise of visual language in the age of the internet

The conservatism of emoji: Work, affect, and communication

Emoj(il)literacy: toward a grammar of pictographs

“Blissfully happy” or “ready to fight”: Varying Interpretations of Emoji

Characterising the inventive appropriation of emoji as relationally meaningful in mediated close personal relationships

Exploring the use of emoji as a visual research method for eliciting young children’s voices in childhood research

Use of emoticon and emoji in tweets for food-related emotional expression

I can haz more science emoji? Host of nerd icons proposed. 

Using emoji pictures to strengthen the immunity of passwords against attackers

Instagrammatics and digital methods: studying visual social media, from selfies and GIFs to memes and emoji

Can emoji be used as a direct method to measure emotional associations to food names? Preliminary investigations with consumers in USA and China 



Emotional Expression Online: Gender Differences in Emoticon Use

MoodLens: an emoticon-based sentiment analysis system for chinese tweets

Emoticon Smoothed Language Models for Twitter Sentiment Analysis

A longitudinal study of emoticon use in text messaging from smartphones

Emoticon Style: Interpreting Differences in Emoticons Across Cultures 

CAO: A Fully Automatic Emoticon Analysis System Based on Theory of Kinesics

Emoticon-based text steganography in chat

Emoticon Usage in Task-Oriented and Socio-Emotional Contexts in Online Discussion Boards

Emotional Expression Online: the Impact of Task, Relationship and Personality Perception on Emoticon Usage in Instant Messenger

Emoticon Recommendation for Japanese Computer-Mediated Communication

Microblog sentiment analysis with emoticon space model 

Can We Read Emotions from a Smiley Face? Emoticon-based Distant Supervision for Subjectivity and Sentiment Analysis of Arabic Twitter Feeds

Emoticon use Increases Plain Milk and Vegetable Purchase in a School Cafeteria without Adversely Affecting Total Milk Purchase 

Emoticon convergence in Internet chat rooms

From emoticon to universal symbolic signs: Can written language survive in cyberspace?

A Pragmatic Investigation of Emoticon Use in Nonnative /Native Speaker Text Chat 

Patterns of Emoticon Usage in ESL Students’ Discussion Forum Writing



Don’t know the difference between emoji and emoticons

The Conservatism of Emoji

Emoji Epistemology

Is an Emoji Worth 1,000 Words?

Emoji is dragging us back to the dark ages – and all we can do is smile

We’re all using these emoji wrong

Emojineering Part 1: Machine Learning for Emoji Trends

Lost In Emoji Translation: Apple vs. Android

Emoji: SwiftKey report shows Australia is ‘the land of vice and indulgence’

The Rise of Emoji on Instagram Is Causing Language Repercussions

The psychology of emojis

10 Emoji Meanings That Might Surprise You

Drawing icons and emoticons for screens of all sizes

The New Era of Visual Communication

“Emoji”: For when words are not enough

Emoji diversity: how ‘silly little faces’ can make a big difference

Big talk, small talk: Why People Who Read Should Care About Emojis

Emoji Tracker

Emojipedia: List of emoji meanings

Emojli: The emoji-only messenger

Guess the emoji
Cheat sheet:

Emotional Labour Gmail

If This Selfie Emoji Becomes Official, I Am Going Back To Using A Flip Phone

Facebook to Test Emoji as Reaction Icons

What happens when your mother discovers emojis?

Emojis + Hieroglyphics = Universal Language?



#IAmAWitness: Apple releases new emoji in partnership with anti-bullying campaign

‘Abused emojis’ help victims of family violence call for help

The Social Media Cure

Face with Tears of Joy Is Word of the Year: Are Emoji a Sign of Things to Come in Health Care?



You could soon use emoji as a passcode

Can emojis really be used to make terror threats



This ad-tech startup mobilizes brands, one emoji keyboard at a time

Memoji Keyboard

The Emoji Keyboard



Emoji Candidates

Emoji Recently Added, v4.0

At Long Last, The Taco Emoji Has Arrived!

Hold onto your burrito: 37 new emoji are coming to your phone this year

At last! Avocado and bacon emojis are coming next year (along with 36 others)

The Metal Horns Emoji is Coming to Smartphones This Summer!

Apple Releases iOS 8.3 To The Public, It Has New Emoji

These Emojis Are Waiting Approval For Mid-2016



Ikea Emoticons

Introji: Emoticons for introverts

Tim Hortons serves up more than smiley faces with Canadian-themed ‘ehmoji’ keyboard

Sexy Little Texts: Victoria’s Secret Is Now Offering Lingerie Emojis

For when emojis won’t suffice: express yourself with Cindy Sherman-icons!

Pokemon Emojis


The Kingdom of Crying Kim Kardashian

Inside the Company That Makes Emojis for Heidi Klum, Kim Kardashian, and Other Celebrities

How Kim Kardashian Started the Rise of the Emoji Business

ChyMoji by Blac Chyna

Blac Chyna Slaps Kylie Jenner Look-Alike in New Emoji Set

Braveheart, haggis and thistles: Scots emojis set for app store

My Bitmoji, My Better Self®ion=top-stories-below&WT.nav=top-stories-below&_r=1

If Famous Artists Designed Emojis

13 Goth Emojis For Everyday Situations

16 Characters From Other Languages That Make Great Emoticons




Emojis Help Consumers Communicate. So why not brands?

This is Your Brain on Emojis. Here’s How to Use Them in Your Marketing

Emoji At Center Of Bidding Battle Won By Sony Animation; Anthony Leondis To Direct

Emoji Movie: Sony signs $$$ deal to turn emoticons into film franchise–deal-to-turn-emojis-into-movie-franchise-10407437.html

Sony’s Animated Emoji Movie Integrates Spotify, Major Smartphone Apps in Plot (Exclusive)



Are female emojis sexist and harmful to girls?

People Who Use Emojis Have More Sex

Russia could ban same-sex emoji under ‘gay propaganda’ laws

10 Emojis to Send While Sexting

The Eggplant Emoji Is The Next Frontline Of Online Harassment

This Couple Communicated Exclusively In Emoji For 30 Days To See If It Would Ruin Their Relationship

Bride finds a groom – Is this what the new emoji will look like

Vagina emoji are here and they are as spectacular as they are NSFW–Wke0aKX9KDg?cmpid=facebook-post



Black Emoji Are Finally Here

Apple’s new diverse emoji are even more problematic than before



Emoji diplomacy? DFAT asked meaning behind Julie Bishop’s use of a red-faced emoji to describe Vladimir Putin

Julie Bishop’s emoji use under scrutiny as Penny Wong asks: why the red face?

Red face under spotlight: Julie Bishop’s all-emoji interview scrutinised by Senate committee

Julie Bishop Describes Serious Diplomatic Relationships With Emoji (Exclusive: World’s first political emoji interview)

State of the union address in emoji
Twitter account:
Full transcript:

How Emoji Got to the White House



Unicode® Emoji Charts


Emoji University

Emoji portraits by Yung Jake

Ocean by Michaël Borras A.K.A Systaime

YOLO Juliet & srsly Hamlet

Emotica Online

Chevy just put out a press release entirely in emoji — and no one has any idea what it means

Emoji Dick

Emoji Mosaic

Emoji Sayings

Boring angel (4:17)

Emoji among us: The documentary (1:56)

How we’ll all talk in the future (1:44)

Bill Nye explains evolution with emoji (1:51)

Someone Finally Stood Up To These Borders & Emojis

100 Diagrams That Changed the World


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