Global politics is micropolitics.

I’ve just spent ten minutes waiting for a bus on campus in Singapore and overheard students say these things with respect to the election results:

1) “It’s not gonna affect us one la, the US is damn far away leh bro”

2) “Trump is racist but everybody is racist to some extent anyway, it’s quite normal”

3) “These things won’t come here one, we’re not so racist”

4) “He won’t dare to do anything to Singapore cos of trade”

5) “His business is quite good right, like he’s quite successful la so he has experience”

6) “I read on Facebook that Hillary is corrupt […] so I’ll never vote for her”

7) “Wah that was damn fun to watch, it’s like reality TV but real […] so entertaining”


Where to from here, as instructors who work with young people every day:

1) Be even more invested in engaging with students to see their worldview. Understanding and trying to speak their language is more important and effective than belittling students or shutting them down.

2) Probe students to critically assess their opinions, validate their sources of information, stimulate desire to develop critical thinking. Parochial media consumption breeds closedmindedness, but the media culture here has fostered unthinking passive uptake.

3) Teach and discuss Standpoint Theory and Cultural Relativism and Positioning and Interpellation in the classroom. Some students don’t think critically or practice empathy because they haven’t been taught how to, and we will equip them.


We encourage these conversations when we can. We do this in baby steps. We start tomorrow.

Procrastiprogress updates from the cave VI.


Moshimoshi folks,

I can’t believe it’s already the end of September. This month has been hectic but fulfilling.

I finally attended my PhD Convocation ceremony, 13 months after I had submitted my thesis and seven months after I had passed. (Yes the grading did take that long!) I still have mixed feelings about graduation because four years of research was literally casually commemorated in a five-second walk on stage to shake the hand of an important-looking academic in front of a bunch of strangers. To me, the real fun was the honour of getting to graduate with my good friends – it was a bumper crop of five anthropology PhDs this time – and spending precious time with all the people I miss and love. So yes, all the officialdom of postgrad life is done and dusted, I have been Lord Voldemort once more, and my DECRA clock has begun!

Continue reading Procrastiprogress updates from the cave VI.

week 2 of teaching!

This afternoon, an undergrad stayed back after our workshop and waited until everyone had left to tell me he was really enjoying our classes and wanted me to have this feedback so I know how I’m going. (reporting ad verbatim in passive speech) Feeling infinitely encouraged at the moment :)

I’m also thinking about blogging my weekly lesson plans for one of the units I am teaching this semester. Will probably get to that over the weekend!

In other news, I turned 26 on Friday in the most lepak chillax manner possible – spending time outdoors with my favourite boys eating my favourite foods and enjoying new experiences. We went camping! It was mad freezing when we woke up to row in the lake at six in the morning, but boy did it feel good not to touch my laptop for my four-day long weekend. The price to pay is collapsing under the weight of my email inbox right now. Sigh.

This week, I endeavour to conquer my lit review chapter. Let’s go!

Resources on Instagram


(1) #Instafame

(2) Instagrammatics: Analysing Visual Social Media




(1) The Anatomy of a Social Media(ted) Protest: #OccupyCentral on Instagram

(2) Authenticity on Instagram

(3) Commerce on Instagram 

(4) The Great Instagram Purge: Chaos, Currency, and Commerciality

(5) Instagramming Instagram’s Downtime

(6) #JeSuisAhmed speaks back to #JeSuisCharlie on Instagram

(7) Memetic Tropes on #CharlieHedbo on Instagram

Updated 4 March 2015

Resources on Emoji and Emoticons

Updated 31 January 2017.
This list is not exhaustive. If you have a suggestion please do comment below.



The semiotics of emoji: The rise of visual language in the age of the internet

The conservatism of emoji: Work, affect, and communication

Emoj(il)literacy: toward a grammar of pictographs

“Blissfully happy” or “ready to fight”: Varying Interpretations of Emoji

Characterising the inventive appropriation of emoji as relationally meaningful in mediated close personal relationships

Exploring the use of emoji as a visual research method for eliciting young children’s voices in childhood research

Use of emoticon and emoji in tweets for food-related emotional expression

I can haz more science emoji? Host of nerd icons proposed. 

Using emoji pictures to strengthen the immunity of passwords against attackers

Instagrammatics and digital methods: studying visual social media, from selfies and GIFs to memes and emoji

Can emoji be used as a direct method to measure emotional associations to food names? Preliminary investigations with consumers in USA and China 



Emotional Expression Online: Gender Differences in Emoticon Use

MoodLens: an emoticon-based sentiment analysis system for chinese tweets

Emoticon Smoothed Language Models for Twitter Sentiment Analysis

A longitudinal study of emoticon use in text messaging from smartphones

Emoticon Style: Interpreting Differences in Emoticons Across Cultures 

CAO: A Fully Automatic Emoticon Analysis System Based on Theory of Kinesics

Emoticon-based text steganography in chat

Emoticon Usage in Task-Oriented and Socio-Emotional Contexts in Online Discussion Boards

Emotional Expression Online: the Impact of Task, Relationship and Personality Perception on Emoticon Usage in Instant Messenger

Emoticon Recommendation for Japanese Computer-Mediated Communication

Microblog sentiment analysis with emoticon space model 

Can We Read Emotions from a Smiley Face? Emoticon-based Distant Supervision for Subjectivity and Sentiment Analysis of Arabic Twitter Feeds

Emoticon use Increases Plain Milk and Vegetable Purchase in a School Cafeteria without Adversely Affecting Total Milk Purchase 

Emoticon convergence in Internet chat rooms

From emoticon to universal symbolic signs: Can written language survive in cyberspace?

A Pragmatic Investigation of Emoticon Use in Nonnative /Native Speaker Text Chat 

Patterns of Emoticon Usage in ESL Students’ Discussion Forum Writing



Don’t know the difference between emoji and emoticons

The Conservatism of Emoji

Emoji Epistemology

Is an Emoji Worth 1,000 Words?

Emoji is dragging us back to the dark ages – and all we can do is smile

We’re all using these emoji wrong

Emojineering Part 1: Machine Learning for Emoji Trends

Lost In Emoji Translation: Apple vs. Android

Emoji: SwiftKey report shows Australia is ‘the land of vice and indulgence’

The Rise of Emoji on Instagram Is Causing Language Repercussions

The psychology of emojis

10 Emoji Meanings That Might Surprise You

Drawing icons and emoticons for screens of all sizes

The New Era of Visual Communication

“Emoji”: For when words are not enough

Emoji diversity: how ‘silly little faces’ can make a big difference

Big talk, small talk: Why People Who Read Should Care About Emojis

Emoji Tracker

Emojipedia: List of emoji meanings

Emojli: The emoji-only messenger

Guess the emoji
Cheat sheet:

Emotional Labour Gmail

If This Selfie Emoji Becomes Official, I Am Going Back To Using A Flip Phone

Facebook to Test Emoji as Reaction Icons

What happens when your mother discovers emojis?

Emojis + Hieroglyphics = Universal Language?


Activism & Care

#IAmAWitness: Apple releases new emoji in partnership with anti-bullying campaign

‘Abused emojis’ help victims of family violence call for help

The Social Media Cure

Face with Tears of Joy Is Word of the Year: Are Emoji a Sign of Things to Come in Health Care?


Security & Threats

You could soon use emoji as a passcode

Can emojis really be used to make terror threats



This ad-tech startup mobilizes brands, one emoji keyboard at a time

Memoji Keyboard

The Emoji Keyboard


New emoji

Emoji Candidates

Emoji Recently Added, v4.0

At Long Last, The Taco Emoji Has Arrived!

Hold onto your burrito: 37 new emoji are coming to your phone this year

At last! Avocado and bacon emojis are coming next year (along with 36 others)

The Metal Horns Emoji is Coming to Smartphones This Summer!

Apple Releases iOS 8.3 To The Public, It Has New Emoji

These Emojis Are Waiting Approval For Mid-2016


Branded & Specialized emoji

Ikea Emoticons

Introji: Emoticons for introverts

Tim Hortons serves up more than smiley faces with Canadian-themed ‘ehmoji’ keyboard

Sexy Little Texts: Victoria’s Secret Is Now Offering Lingerie Emojis

For when emojis won’t suffice: express yourself with Cindy Sherman-icons!

Pokemon Emojis


The Kingdom of Crying Kim Kardashian

Inside the Company That Makes Emojis for Heidi Klum, Kim Kardashian, and Other Celebrities

How Kim Kardashian Started the Rise of the Emoji Business

ChyMoji by Blac Chyna

Blac Chyna Slaps Kylie Jenner Look-Alike in New Emoji Set

Braveheart, haggis and thistles: Scots emojis set for app store

My Bitmoji, My Better Self®ion=top-stories-below&WT.nav=top-stories-below&_r=1

If Famous Artists Designed Emojis

13 Goth Emojis For Everyday Situations

16 Characters From Other Languages That Make Great Emoticons



Branding & Marketing

Emojis Help Consumers Communicate. So why not brands?

This is Your Brain on Emojis. Here’s How to Use Them in Your Marketing

Emoji At Center Of Bidding Battle Won By Sony Animation; Anthony Leondis To Direct

Emoji Movie: Sony signs $$$ deal to turn emoticons into film franchise–deal-to-turn-emojis-into-movie-franchise-10407437.html

Sony’s Animated Emoji Movie Integrates Spotify, Major Smartphone Apps in Plot (Exclusive)


Gender & Sexuality

Are female emojis sexist and harmful to girls?

People Who Use Emojis Have More Sex

Russia could ban same-sex emoji under ‘gay propaganda’ laws

10 Emojis to Send While Sexting

The Eggplant Emoji Is The Next Frontline Of Online Harassment

This Couple Communicated Exclusively In Emoji For 30 Days To See If It Would Ruin Their Relationship

Bride finds a groom – Is this what the new emoji will look like

Vagina emoji are here and they are as spectacular as they are NSFW–Wke0aKX9KDg?cmpid=facebook-post


Race & Ethnicity

Black Emoji Are Finally Here

Apple’s new diverse emoji are even more problematic than before



Emoji diplomacy? DFAT asked meaning behind Julie Bishop’s use of a red-faced emoji to describe Vladimir Putin

Julie Bishop’s emoji use under scrutiny as Penny Wong asks: why the red face?

Red face under spotlight: Julie Bishop’s all-emoji interview scrutinised by Senate committee

Julie Bishop Describes Serious Diplomatic Relationships With Emoji (Exclusive: World’s first political emoji interview)

State of the union address in emoji
Twitter account:
Full transcript:

How Emoji Got to the White House


Art & Projects

Unicode® Emoji Charts


Emoji University

Emoji portraits by Yung Jake

Ocean by Michaël Borras A.K.A Systaime

Untitled gif

YOLO Juliet & srsly Hamlet

Emotica Online

Chevy just put out a press release entirely in emoji — and no one has any idea what it means

Emoji Dick

Emoji Mosaic

Emoji Sayings

Boring angel (4:17)

Emoji among us: The documentary (1:56)

How we’ll all talk in the future (1:44)

Bill Nye explains evolution with emoji (1:51)

Someone Finally Stood Up To These Borders & Emojis

100 Diagrams That Changed the World